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Abstrak Julisa Bulan April 2011

1. Amrin Saragih

The Role of Language for Human Resource Development

at the Creation Age

Amrin Saragih

Faculty of Languages and Arts

State University of Medan


The Information Era that we are now in will soon be replaced by the Age of Creation.  The new era requires creative and innovative ability to be a fundamental means by which a community, nation or country can survive in a much more competitive global or international context.  Language is one of the resources which is potentially used to develop creativity and innovation.  In the context of Indonesia three groups of language are involved, namely Bahasa Indonesia, which is the national language, local or indigenous languages, which are first languages or mother tongues of most Indonesians and foreign languages such as English, which is needed for wider communication in the domain of science and technology and international relations.  The three languages are potentially used to develop and gain creative and innovative ability. 

Keywords: Information Era, Creation Age, semiotics, metafunctions of language, lexicogammar.


2. Budi Chairiah





Budi Chairiah

Postgraduate Student, Faculty of Literature

Islamic University of North Sumatra, Medan





This article is a research report which deals with the application of reading strategy of generic structure proposed by Grabe (1999) in teaching anecdote to a group of students in grade nine of  SMP 1 Berastagi, North Sumatra. The purpose of the research is to find out whether reading strategy of generic structure is effective to apply in teaching anecdote text.  This reading strategy was done in four stages of reading cycles: 1) building knowledge of the field, 2) modeling of the text, 3) joint construction of the text, and 4) independence  construction of the text. This was an action research which was based on quantitative as well as qualitative descriptive approach adopted from Koal (1997). The research showed a positive result. It means that the Generic Structure Reading Strategy is effective enough to apply in teaching anecdote to grade nine students in the school.


Keywords: reading strategy, generic text, anecdote


3.  Darman Sitepu





Darman Sitepu

Faculty of Literature

Islamic University of North Sumatra




William Shakespeare’s Macbeth is a tragedy of selfish ambition, though some other themes also prevail in the play. Macbeth, the main character of the play, is never satisfied with his actions; even they have earned him his prize. His selfish ambition keeps growing compatible with his blind belief of supernaturalism, something unproven as proposed by Smith (1927) that supernaturalism is a part of nature that the modern science is incapable of explaining. There is nothing wrong with supernaturalism as long as it is not put into a blind thought as it will lead one to be superstitious. Here lies the problem. As Macbeth blindly hopes the prophecies of the witches to become true, he turns into a superstitious person. Igornisnech (1937) states that superstition emerges from uncertainty borne out of experience and experiment to have desire linked with a certain situation. Selfish ambition makes Macbeth a man of uncertainty, diffidence, and evil character. The play ends where it begins, that is with a battle. Although Macbeth is killed as a tyrant, there is a sense that his soldier status is reinstated in the final scenes of the play. Throughout the course of the play Macbeth comes full circle.

 Keywords: supernaturalism, selfish ambition, agony, superstition, thermodynamics, prophecy, soliloquy.


4. Noordin Mohd Noor

Problems in Academic Writings and Communication: A Case Of Multilingual


Noordin Mohd Noor

School of Languages, Literacy and Translation

Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia




This article is concerned about the problems in academic writings faced by the  Indonesian graduate students who are multilingual in Bahasa Indonesia, Bahasa Malaysia and English. The analysis covers four different perspectives: a) the issues of translating BI into English, (b) the transfer of thoughts from BI into BM and (c) the multiplicity and difference in the nuances between BI and BM, and (d) the report from direct oral interviews. Considering these globally and holistically, the crux of the matter seems to lie in the degree of proficiency of the Indonesian students themselves in English and BM. 


Keywords: multilingual, academic writing, convergence,


5. Azmir Pasaribu




Azmir Pasaribu

Faculty of Literature

Islamic University of North Sumatra, Medan




This article is the result of a literary appreciation which highlights human vanity covering pride of life, over-confidence, and glamour portrayed in Thomas Hardy’s poem entitled “The Convergence of the Twain”.  Human vanity can bring the state of being boastful and conceited. It can be caused by the condition of having unreasonable pride in one’s ability which usually has no true lasting value. It is revealed that the main cause of human vanity is related to the creation covering pride of life, over-confidence and glamour. The poem is an alternative perspective of the loss of the Titanic as a symbol of pride, power, and wealth. Self-confidence built in over conducted will invite a destruction because over-confidence is one of the elements of human vanity.


Keywords: vanity, pride of life, over-confidence, glamour, conceit


6. Zulfan Sahri

Marital Problems in Charles Dickens’

Hard Times


Zulfan Sahri

Faculty of Literature

Islamic University of North Sumatra, Medan




This article verifies marital problems and divorce laws in nineteenth century. Women live under ties that “Hard Times”, rather than presenting a historically accurate picture of the extraordinary changes brought about by the industrial revolution, is a one-sided attack on the utilitarian value system of the middle 19th century based upon emotional blue-collar appeals for labor sympathy that are not uncommon in today’s corporate environment. Before, the powerlessness of women is even supported by the government. The Catherine court even proposes (1987) that a husband has total power over his wife.   He could beat her, keep her under lock and key, he could even sell her if he so wishes. But as the time changes, in the second half of the Victorian age, the Divorce Act of 1857 begins flourishing with a bad consequences in general on men as women are no longer regarded as mere partners but legal guardians to a family. The fear of losing children was weakening among women, and it became easier for them to make the decision and leave their husbands. (Stone. 1990. 390) Apparently Dickens is attempting to provide some balance to the dominant utilitarian philosophy of the greater good. Dicken’s has touched on a problem that is still with us today. Although capitalism and free markets dictate that there will always be winners and losers, a compassionate and truly human society should strive to benefit all classes of its citizens.

Keywords: marriage, disharmony, social stratification, utilitarian, conceit.


7.    Sri Wulan




                                                                                                               Sri Wulan

Faculty of Literature

Islamic University of North Sumatra




“The Rubaiyat” is a collection of four line stanzas. Originally, it was written by Omar Khayyam, a Persian poet, but later it was translated by Edward FitzGerald into English. It is translated version of FitzGerald, established in five editions that make the Rubaiyat widely known in the world of literature, especially English literature. This study deals with the 1859 first edition. “The Rubaiyat” is the exposition of Khayyam’s contemplation of life and Divinity, which is highly appreciated, and of great importance in the world of literature and a stepping progress to spirituality. Concerning the contemplation of Divine existence, the poet has experienced spiritual states and expressed them by means of allegorical and metaphorical forms. This study shows that the stages of spiritual states, Ahwal, are experienced and expressed allegorically and metaphorically by Omar Khayyam in his Rubaiyat. Therefore, Omar Khayyam is a sufi poet and “The Rubaiyat” is a Sufi poem.

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